III. Final Case study construction: A. Key Elements of the case study: 1. Identify a particular underdevelopment/development issue, concern, challenge. Explain why this is an important and relevant issue to development and underdevelopment discussions and debates. 2 Refer to the frameworks for guidance on a starting point References: View the SDGs, decolonizing development, indigenous development frameworks, Global Affairs Canada (GAC) for ideas: Federal Strategy for Indigenous Development: https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/DAM/DAMINTER-HQ/STAGING/texte-text/ffaed1_1100100033502_eng.pdf Indigenous Community Development Strategy: https://www.sacisc.gc.ca/eng/1550512330682/1550512404487 Native Women’s Association of Canada https://www.nwac.ca/covid-19-internationalresources/ Feminist International Assistance Policy: https://www.international.gc.ca/worldmonde/issues_development-enjeux_developpement/priorities-priorites/policypolitique.aspx?lang=eng Sustainable Development Goals: https://sdgs.un.org/goals https://www.international.gc.ca/world-monde/issues_developmentenjeux_developpement/priorities-priorites/policy-politique.aspx?lang=eng Examples of ‘challenges’ – Increasing climatic variability impacting small-scale farmers in the global South – Reproductive health and rights in the Global South ( West Africa) – Migration, citizenship – labour in Canada – Social justice movements and resistance – Feminist, BLM (globally), Me Too ( – Environmental changes and land use – extractives, mining, – Access and availability of education opportunities – Global inequality – Women’s rights (globally or regionally situated) in education, health, economic opportunities, citizenship, etc. – Economic development of marginalized communities – Labour, employment and entrepreneurialism (philanthrocapitalism, gig economy) – Urban sprawl leading to inequalities in housing and food security (Ottawa) – Changing ruralities – migration, livelihoods, – Indigenous relations and development/underdevelopment and extractives (Pipeline development in Canada) – Deforestation in the Amazon forest and impacts on food systems. Be sure to relate this challenge to processes of development/underdevelopment. 2. Select a particular contextual setting: Where is this challenge found to occur? Is it happening today? Did this happen in the past? Where in the world are people affected 3 by this? Select a particular setting to focus your study. Provide general demographic information on the setting. At what specific scale will you look at this topic? Try to narrow down a topic to a particular case study or project: • Global scale – includes engagement with UN agencies, world bank, and bilateral aid and trade investments – how this impacts nations in the Global South – need to include a specific example of how global level decisions impact a specific community – region, country and particular region in a country • Canadian context – could include national level development/underdevelopment challenges – relations with indigenous communities, racialized communities, rural/urban inequalities, etc. • Ottawa and surrounding areas (or where you are currently living) – 3. Describe an example of how this challenge is being addressed: Describe the type of initiative, movement or intervention. 4. Who are the actors involved: – Institutions, government agencies, leaders, civil society leaders 5. What is the specific intervention/approach to mitigating this challenge you identified? – The ‘how’ 6. What are the outcomes of this approach? Are there any unintended impacts of this? Critiques, evaluations, first person accounts? 7. How might there be alternatives to this approach? 8. What did you learn from studying this case study?