Ms. Martin is a 55-year-old woman who has been on HRT for 4 years. HRT was prescribed because Ms. Martin was experiencing vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause. Her last mammogram was 2 years ago and the last pap was 5 years ago.
Ms. Martin made an appointment with her nurse practitioner to discuss discontinuing HRT after hearing and reading news reports about the dangers associated with the medication. Except for the HRT, Ms. Martin is taking no medication other than a daily vitamin.
She had a tubal ligation after the birth of her third child but has had no other surgeries or history of any medical conditions. Her father had cardiovascular disease and died of a myocardial infarction at 77 years of age. Her mother was diagnosed with breast cancer at 81 years of age.
Ms. Martin does not smoke and rarely drinks alcohol. She likes to work in her garden but is not involved in a formal exercise program. She has gained about 10 pounds since menopause. What evidence-based information will you provide to Ms. Martin regarding her concerns about HRT?
Discuss the advantages and risks associated with HRT. What are your recommendations for Ms. Martin? Will you recommend continuing or discontinuing HRT and why? What alternative treatments for menopausal symptoms will you discuss with Ms. Martin?
Discuss the recommended screening tests, using the latest evidence-based guidelines that Ms. Martin should have. What health promotion, maintenance, and prevention education would be important to provide to Ms. Martin? Do 2 pages provide references