Research and the Research Process

Why Research is Useful for Practitioners
There are several reasons why research is useful to the scholar-practitioner. First, it can enhance your knowledge about the profession. You may be an experienced education leader; however, it is important to recognize that new problems will continue to arise. In order to be an effective leader, you need to understand those problems, learn about what is known about the problem, and use research findings to enhance your knowledge of educational practices or educational leadership. Second, it can assist you with the development of your own opinion regarding policy. Research can inform your position about current topics under debate and expand your understanding of issues related to education reform and enhancement. Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, research can help you improve your leadership skills. Research provides you with ideas on how to improve your day-to-day practice. It can offer insight about new ideas and innovative practices to consider integrating into your day-to-day work.

Where to Find Appropriate Research Sources
Research can be found in several different publications, it is important to understand which resources are most useful to you as a doctoral student. Books and journal articles are reviewed by experts in the field and are the most appropriate to refer to in your doctoral studies. Additionally, you can cite early-stage materials such as websites, conference papers, dissertations, and doctoral studies. It is important to note that information available on a website is from a reputable source (e.g. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, EdTrust). Conference papers are often found on professional organization websites (e.g., American Educational Research Association). Dissertations and doctoral studies are most often found in ProQuest.

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The Ed.D. Program will require you to read and refer to research on a regular basis. You will utilize research to assist in your development as a scholar-practitioner. Therefore, it is important to know where and how to locate appropriate research.

Use the assigned readings to write a 4- to 5-page paper that addresses the following (use the headings below to construct your paper):


Provide a brief introduction that summarizes the topics covered in your paper.

Basic v. Applied Research

Describe in your own words the differences between basic and applied research. Include a discussion of the advantages and disadvantage of applied research.

Research and Practice

Briefly reflect on how you will begin to integrate research into your daily practice as an educational leader. Include an example of how research informs your practice.

Selection of Appropriate Research Sources

The Oliver (2012) text (Chapter 4: How to Select Literature for Inclusion) provides several criteria to determine if a source is appropriate to include in a potential research study. Locate a journal article in the Trident University Library and discuss why it meets each criteria outlined in the Oliver (2012) text.

Relevant Peer-Reviewed Journals

Locate and list 5 peer-reviewed journals/publications that are specific to your concentration and discuss why those journals/publications are appropriate research resources. (A list of peer-reviewed journals related to education can be found through ERIC at


Provide a brief conclusion that offers a reflection on what you learned from this assignment.


Assignment Expectations
Your paper will be assessed on the following criteria:

Assignment-driven Criteria: Demonstrates mastery covering all key elements of the assignment in a substantive way.

Critical Thinking/Application to Professional Practice: Demonstrates mastery conceptualizing the problem, and careful consideration of experts or research in the field of educational leadership. Module content and concepts are thoroughly and thoughtfully analyzed, synthesized, and evaluated. Conclusions are logically presented and applied to professional practice in an exceptional manner.

Scholarly Writing: Demonstrates mastery and proficiency in scholarly written communication at the doctoral level.

Quality of References and Assignment Organization: Demonstrates mastery using relevant and quality sources and uses appropriate, relevant, and compelling content from the module readings or other sources to support ideas, convey understanding of the topic and shape the whole work.

Citing Sources: Demonstrates mastery applying APA formatting standards to both in-text citations and the reference list.

Professionalism and Timeliness: Demonstrates excellence in taking responsibility for learning; adhering to course requirement policies and expectations. Assignment submitted on time or collaborated with professor for an approved extension on due date. For more information on Research and the Research Process check on this:

DNP Role Presentation

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