Cardiac Output

Nursing diagnosis 1. Decreased Cardiac Output related to Altered myocardial contractility  2. The risk for Impaired Skin Integrity related to immobility3. Activity Intolerance related to immobility 4. The risk for Infection related to Inadequate primary defenses: broken skin, traumatized tissues; environmental exposure

5.  The risk for Impaired Gas Exchange related to Alveolar/capillary membrane changes: interstitial, pulmonary edema, congestion 6.  Excess Fluid Volume related to increased antidiuretic hormone (ADH) production, and sodium/water retention.  For more information on Cardiac Output read this:

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