How to Critique an article

How to Critique an article

Are you looking for ways on how to critique an article? You’ve arrived at the right platform.

An article critique examines the validity and effectiveness of the arguments presented in the article by the author. Critical thinking is the key to writing this paper successfully. Every study article author must persuade readers of the correctness of their opinion, even if it is slanted.

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An article critique must be written in formal language and a structured framework. An introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion should all be included.

While the general pattern for writing an article critique is identical, certain formatting styles have particular criteria for writing an article critique. It’s crucial to learn how to write a critique properly and to understand what each formatting style necessitates. This article will show you how to successfully critique an article.

How to critique an article: The most important steps

This type of assignment is inherently difficult and perplexing. Understandably, students could become overwhelmed when trying to figure out how to write an article critique. A solid critique shows your thoughts on the subject while also providing adequate information to back them up.

To make your job easier, here’s a basic 3-step guide on how to summarize and critique an article:

Step 1: Actively reading

You must read the article thoroughly and numerous times to ensure that you fully comprehend the material offered. Pay attention to the author’s primary points in the introduction and conclusion paragraphs.

As you reread the text, make notes on it- Using a red pen to make your markings stand out might be useful at times. Highlight important quotes. As you read it a second time, you must respond to the following questions:

Why is the author of the article regarded as an expert in their field?

What makes an author’s point of view sound credible? Is the author well-versed in the subject? What do other professionals in the field have to say about the author?

Is the author of the article lauded by academics or is he dismissed?

Who is the intended audience for this article?

Is this a general audience article? Or does it target a specific demographic and employ language that only that group understands?

What is the thesis/hypothesis of the author?

What is the author’s main point aiming to get across? Is it apparent what you’re trying to say? Or are there simply a lot of general statements with no specifics?

Are the presented arguments valid?

Is the author’s research based on a variety of sources? Is it possible that some of the sources were drawn from areas with a cult-like vocabulary?

What logical errors do you see in the author’s argument?

Are there any logical flaws? What impact do they have on the outcome?

Is the conclusion logical and clear?

In his or her work, did the author reach a clear conclusion?

Make a legend for your annotations- make a distinct symbol to distinguish between sections of the text that are potentially confusing, significant, or inconsistent.

  • You could, for example, highlight essential portions, circle those that are unclear, and highlight contradictions.
  • You may rapidly mark up an article by creating a legend with given symbols.

            Take some more detailed notes during subsequent readings

In addition to a legend, it’s a good idea to jot down notes when you have new ideas while reading.

For example, if you notice that an author’s argument can be contradicted by citing a scientific study that you previously read, jot it down in the margins, on a different piece of paper, or a computer so that you can come back to it later.

  • Don’t make the mistake of thinking you’ll recall your idea when it’s time to write your critique.
  • Spend the time necessary to jot down your thoughts as you read. When the time comes to turn your observations into a complete analytical paper, you’ll be glad you did.

Create a rough outline for your critique

Form a hazy impression of the work in question. After reading the article two or three times evaluate the author’s overall argument. Record your initial reactions to the text.

Step 2: Gathering evidence

The first phase will assist you with reading and comprehending the text, as well as critically analyzing and reflecting on it. Having a general notion of where you want to go with your critique paper, it’s time to start gathering evidence.

The following are the essential steps you should take:

Define whether the author’s message is logical

When writing an article critique, the most important thing to look for is the logical fallacies presence. The fact that the writer’s general idea follows logic is not easy, it is an important step to coping with the task.

Illiterate persons have a number of logical errors in common. Accepting knowledge based on the emotions/feelings it elicits rather than the supporting reasoning is one example.

Here’s a rundown of several frequent logical fallacies, along with brief explanations:

Ad hominem

When an author assaults someone who is expressing an opinion in order to discredit that person’s viewpoint.

Slippery slope

When the author asserts that a course of action will always result in the worst conceivable outcome.

Causation and correlation

when the author comes to the conclusion that because actions 1 and 2 happened one after the other, action 2 must be the result of action 1. The issue with such a statement is that the author draws inferences about the relationship between the two actions without investigating the true causes and effects.

Thinking wishfully

When the author thinks something without any evidence to back it up. This problem usually arises when someone believes the information, they are provided is accurate because it makes them feel good.

Look for any skewed viewpoints in the article

Another step is to assess the work for the presence of skewed viewpoints. The problem is that individuals frequently choose sides in debates based on outcomes rather than evidence.

Pay attention to how the author interprets other people’s writings

To learn to distinguish the fingerprints of all of the political slants that are out there takes a lot of practice and years of research. Some people become interested in certain industries as a result of their emotional attachment to the themes they deal with.

Find and highlight instances when the author exaggerates the importance of certain items owing to his or her ideas. Return to point 1 of these lists to study the list of logical fallacies to be aware of to sharpen your mental research instruments.

Examine the cited sources

Another important step of how to critique an article is determining whether the article’s author used unreliable sources of information. This is a difficult task that necessitates prior experience.

Consider how the article’s language was used.

Regardless of the topic or field, language plays a critical role in every essay. You should pay particular attention to the language used by the author of the article while working on your critique.

Examine the research methods in scientific articles

This isn’t usually required, but if you’re writing a scientific article critique, you’ll be asked to analyze and question how the author conducted their research.

To accomplish this, consider the following:

  • What is the study’s design like? Is there anything wrong with it?
  • What is the piece’s approach to explaining the research methods?
  • Was there a comparison group in this study?
  • Were there any issues with sample size?
  • Is it possible to replicate the experiment in a lab setting?
  • Is there any meaningful influence or value in the realm of science for the research?

Dig deep

Use your prior knowledge, any research you can find, and educated opinions, to support or disagree with the author’s article.

Remember that a critique does not have to be fully positive or negative

The most fascinating literary critiques don’t always disagree with the author, they build on or complicate the author’s notion with new evidence. If you completely agree with the author, make sure you build on the argument by adding more evidence or complicating the author’s point of view.

You can present contradictory facts in support of an argument while still believing that one point of view is valid.

Step 3: Formatting your critique

A critique paper, like any other written project, should be properly prepared and constructed. An introduction, summary, critique, and conclusion comprise a standard article critique.

The following is a simple checklist that will help you understand how to format a decent paper:

Start with an introduction that summarizes your point of view.

The introduction should be no longer than two paragraphs and should give out the foundation for your critique. Begin by observing where the piece in question most drastically fails or excels, and why.

In your introduction paragraph, make sure to include the author’s name, article title, publication date, and a clear thesis statement that highlights the focus of your critique.

It is not appropriate to present proof for your points of view in the introduction. The body paragraphs of your critique will include your proof. Make bold declarations in your first paragraphs and make your purpose evident right away. You lose credibility if you jump around or don’t fully commit to an argument.

In the body paragraphs of your critique, support your claim with evidence

Each body paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that explains the content of the next paragraph. Don’t feel obligated to reduce the entire paragraph into the topic sentence. This is simply a location to transition into a new or different thought.

Each body paragraph should be concluded with a transitional sentence that hints at but does not directly declare, the content of the next paragraph.

Near the end of the critique, complicate your argument

There’s always at least one dramatic technique to add a final twist or to carry your argument a step further and suggest possible consequences. To leave the reader with a final, unforgettable argument, do this in the final body paragraph before your conclusion.

You may use a counterargument, for example, in which you anticipate a critique of your critique and reaffirm your position. To identify the counterargument, use terms like “admittedly,” “it is true that.”

In a well-reasoned, objective tone, present your arguments.

Avoid writing in an overly enthusiastic or obnoxiously impassioned tone, as this can turn off many readers. Allow your enthusiasm to shine through in your ability to conduct extensive research and effectively communicate.

Finish your critique by summarizing your argument and speculating on possible consequences

It is critical to present a summary of your primary ideas throughout the essay, but you must also explain what your critique means for the field as a whole. Is your critique intended to refute the messy work of another scholar, or does it just seek to debunk the messy work of another scholar?

In the conclusion do your best to leave a lasting impression on the reader by utilizing aggressive language to highlight the value of your work. “Challenging the claims of such a renowned scholar is not simple, but it is a responsibility we must all agree to undertake for our age and future generations.”

How to critique a journal article

You’ve been given the task of writing a journal article critique paper? If you’re not sure where to begin, here is a step-by-step guide on how to critique a journal article:

Gather some basic information

Regardless of the topic of the article you’re going to criticize, your paper must include some fundamental information, including the:

Title of the article under review.

Title of the journal in which it appears, as well as the date and month of publication, and page numbers where the article can be found.

Statement of the major topic raised in the piece.

Study methods, purpose, hypothesis, and major findings.

Read and re-read the article

Acquire a sense of what the article is about and the general idea of it. An excellent critique should reflect your qualified and informed viewpoint on the article. To form such a judgment, you must read the work again, this time critically, and highlight anything relevant to your paper’s writing.

Create your critique using the evidence you’ve gathered

Here are the primary points to consider when writing a critique of a journal article:

  • Is the title of the article appropriate and clear?
  • Is the abstract presented in the correct format, is it relevant to the article’s content, and is it specific?
  • Are there any inconsistencies in the author’s facts and interpretations?
  • Is the discussion pertinent and worthwhile?
  • Has the author used reliable and credible sources?
  • Were there any ideas in the article that you felt were overemphasized or underemphasized?
  • Are all of the author’s claims clear?
  • What are the author’s fundamental beliefs?
  • Has the article’s author been objective in his or her remarks?
  • Are the research methods and procedures used appropriately?
  • Are the statistical techniques suitable?
  • Is there any content that is repeated or duplicated?

Journal critique examples include;

  • Conference proceedings
  • Government documents
  • Dissertations & theses
  • Popular sources
  • Scholarly publications

How to critique a research article

If you’re wondering how to critique a research article in particular, below are the key procedures to follow;

Before you begin writing:

  • Choose a piece that follows your professor’s instructions.
  • Read the entire article, to get the basic idea.
  • Read the piece again with a critical eye.

While you’re reading:

  • Define the author’s expertise in the specified field. What are the credentials of the author?
  • Examine the outcomes. Is there any evidence that the results are generalizable?
  • Look for any skewed information in the article. Is there any evidence of bias or a conflict of interest?
  • Define the research work’s overall quality. Is the article out of date?
  • Pay close attention to the utilized sources. Did the sources support their findings with theory and/or previous literature on the subject?

Are you having trouble identifying the strong and weak elements that can help you design your critique? Here’s a quick checklist to assist you to figure out how to critique a research article:



  • Is there a problem statement from the author?
  • Is the problem statement in line with the study’s objectives?
  • Is the stated problem researchable?
  • Is there any background information on the topic provided by the author?
  • Is the significance of the problem discussed by the author?
  • Is there any mention of variables and their relationships?
  • Does the author have the necessary qualifications to conduct this research?

Relevant literature review

  • Is the literature review comprehensive?
  • Are all references correctly cited?
  • Is the author analyzing, comparing, and contrasting the sources and findings?
  • Does the author explain why his or her references are important?
  • Is the review of literature well-organized?


  • Is it possible to test every hypothesis?
  • Are all hypotheses and research questions logical, accurate, and clear?
  • Is there a list of significant research questions and hypotheses provided by the author?



  • Is there a description of the size and primary characteristics of the group participants by the author?
  • Does the author specify the size and features of the sample if one is chosen?
  • Is there enough information on the author’s sample selection method?
  • Are there any flaws or biases in the author’s method of selecting participants?


  • Is the author-specific about the instruments he or she used?
  • Are the instruments you’ve chosen appropriate?
  • Are the instruments in compliance with the experiment’s general safety guidelines?
  • Is it true that the author obtained all of the necessary permissions?
  • Is each instrument described in terms of its purpose, dependability, and content by the author?

Procedures and design

  • Is there any information on the research design that was used?
  • Are all of the author’s procedures described?
  • Is the methodology and design appropriate for investigating the problem or question you’ve posed?
  • Is there a logical connection between procedures?
  • Are the equipment and method being used correctly?
  • Is the research’s context described in detail?


  • Is the author using the most up-to-date descriptive statistics?
  • Did the author put all of his or her hypotheses to the test?
  • Is the author explicit about the inductive logic that led to the qualitative study’s findings?
  • Are the outcomes logical and clear?
  • Is there any new data in the author’s tables and figures?
  • Is the data from the tables and figures in the presentation also included in the text?

How to critique an article example

Using an article critique example is one technique to ease the entire process of completing the assignment. Many students choose to download such samples to acquire a general sense of how the assignment should be formatted and what key points should be included.

It’s your method of making the entire process of writing an article critique simple and enjoyable while adhering to all of the standard guidelines. You will be able to save a lot of time and anxiety by using such samples, which will undoubtedly improve the total outcomes.

How to write an article critique APA

The majority of professors pay close attention to the assignment’s content as well as its formatting. You must be extremely careful when shaping your work and making final adjustments. When writing an article critique, one of the most popular formatting styles is the APA format, which has its own set of rules and guidelines.

Your paper should be double-spaced with 1-inch margins and 12-point Times New Roman font. A title page, abstract, body, and references should all be included in the general structure of your critique. You should include the name of your paper and school, as well as your personal information, on the title page.

The Bottom Line

You can start writing after accomplishing all of the steps in how to write an article critique. This is not an easy task. In fact, article critique is one of the most difficult projects for students to complete. It’s also significant since it teaches you how to examine and evaluate the idea of others.

You’re improving your critical thinking skills which can help you advance in any career. Pay close attention to this project; the end result will be well worth your time.

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