What are the Different Types of Arguments?

What are the Different Types of Arguments?

Have you ever presented an opinion in writing or in a speech? How did the audience respond? They were either convinced or your argument sparked a lot of questions. What are the Different Types of Arguments?

According to critical thinking, an argument definition is an opinion made in form of a statement. It is a combination of premises and its conclusion.

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Different types of arguments follow either of the two general views. It can be an adversarial or consensus argument. A person who has adversarial types of arguments tends to support the existing claims.

When you aim for a common ground for the opposing parties, then you are applying the Rogerian or consensus argument.

Generally, there are 6 types of arguments:

 A good essay on types of arguments captures all the important steps. These are as follows:

  1. an introduction: write a hook sentence and a thesis.
  2. forward your claim and its support.
  3. give your second claim followed by its supportive evidence.
  4. third claim plus the evidence to support it. They should be related to the initial claim to avoid having contradicting claims in one argument.
  5. Conclusion: your concluding remarks show the implications of your claim. You can also suggest possible results or claims that may arise from the current argument.
  6. Finally, restate your thesis with different wording but with the same meaning.

There are key issues you need to consider to build strong types of arguments. Follow these steps for a convincing type of argument:

Your tutor may assign you a specific topic to discuss. Study the given topic and review it.

You can then choose the types of arguments you want to apply in your essay. The two common types of arguments in critical thinking are inductive and deductive reasoning.

What are the 4 types of arguments?

1.      Deductive Argument

This argument concludes from premises assumed to be true. The approach moves from general information to a specific thing.

Deductive reasoning means that you assess various statements before you conclude. Weigh all the premises so that your conclusion is logical and acceptable.

2.      Inductive Argument

This argument moves from a specific to a general approach. A conclusion is drawn by analyzing specific information to get a general hypothesis. The quality of types of inductive arguments depends on the pieces of evidence you present.

3.      Rogerian Argument

It is a commonly applied argument in real-life situations. Roger was behind the realization of this argument.

In these types of arguments, you collect various views and analyze them. You then select the one that offers the best solution to an existing problem. It should meet the interests of your suppliers. These types of arguments aim at a consensus.

 A manager of an organization calls for a meeting to discuss a new project. You discuss the people to give the supply tender. The organization will assess various applications until you get the one that meets your requirements.

The conclusion you make lies in the type of service and the charges. You are simply using the Rogerian argument.

The Rogerian argument-based essay follows a consensus. It supports the idea of approaching a subject from different points of view.

In your essay introduction, acknowledge the opposing argument. Show an objective evaluation of this argument.

Conclude your essay by showing how you preferred these types of arguments. Do not shy away from mentioning their inability to solve the problem. You can also suggest further research on the problem.

Your thesis statement expresses your opinion concerning the subject being discussed. Write as one sentence.

Write detailed body paragraphs to support your thesis. Show the validity of your argument

4.      Toulmin Argument

It is derived from a British philosopher called Stephen Toulmin. He came up with this type of argument.

This argument is based on six elements:

  • Claim: this is an opinion that you express in a statement. It triggers varied reactions that may agree or disagree with this opinion.
  • Facts: it is the data you provide to support the claim. Show the basis of your claim. On which ground do you base your opinion?
  • Warrant: This is the link between the facts and the claim. Explain clearly how your opinion is connected to the facts. Otherwise, your argument will be bad.
  • Backing: These are the extra details that you write to support your claim. Assess the subject from different angles to convince your readers.
  • Qualifier: it indicates a limit to the opinion you have put forward. Do not sound like you have absolute truth on your claim. Use words like ‘some’ or ‘many’ in your argumentative essay. They give room for more opinions and make your argument strong and convincing.
  • Rebuttal: This is the point where you address your opponents. Discuss their views in an attempt to preempt them. Rebuttal strengthens your initial claim.

There are other types of arguments applied in various essay writing. Look at the following types of arguments in English writings:

        I.            Casual Arguments

In these types of arguments, your claim is based on the causes of a situation. You support the argument that a certain event led to another.

Introduce the essay by writing a brief description of the subject in question. Forward your thesis statement as you conclude your introduction.

In the subsequent paragraphs, provide lengthy information to support your thesis. You can write in detail a series of events that led to the event under scrutiny. This will serve as evidence to support your claim.

Provide an opinion that is contrary to your claim. You should show how they connect to the sequential causes that you described earlier.

Wide up your essay with a summary of the key points to emphasize the causes. Point out the ultimate result of these events as the center of your argument.

        I.            Evaluation arguments

These types of arguments require that you study an issue and analyze it. Put all the ideas of the issue you are studying on a balance.

The evaluation will help you determine the value of the issue. You, therefore, tell whether it is good or bad. Provide enough evidence to support your decision. In a literature class, you can analyze a literary text as the basis of your evaluation argument.

      II.            Proposal Arguments

You need to be creative enough when establishing such types of arguments. The first step is to have a problem from which you develop a solution.

Think of continuous poor grades in a certain course. Develop a proposal argument on how to improve performance in that course.

    III.            Narrative Arguments

These types of arguments fit the literature students. You tell a story that rotates around your point of view. The story focuses on pieces of evidence to support your claim.

    IV.            Definition Arguments

The approach here is to define the subject of your argument. It is not a dictionary definition per se. You make a statement that sheds light on the subject hence declaring a certain stand.

For instance, you can put forward an argument that ‘online assignment help is a key player in students’ performance. It should be emphasized in all college study disciplines.’

All these types of arguments can further be classified as good or bad arguments. Their quality depends on their validity, strength, and their power to convince the reader.

A good argument presents valid and strong facts. It is sound and cogent. For example, types of deductive arguments that provide valid information and a cogent conclusion are good.

Arguments that fail to convince or give invalid information are termed bad arguments. There are various types of bad arguments. For instance, a deductive argument that has a poor conclusion does not support the claim.

Various types of arguments may be bad if they are based on fallacies. They lack facts since they rely on suspicions. Common types of argument fallacy that spoil your arguments include the following:

  • Quick generalization: this is where you assume the outcome of something based on very little information. When you draw a conclusion based on a single event, your argument becomes bad due to a lack of sufficient evidence.
  • Unreliable correlation: not all occurrences result in the same conclusion. Some types of arguments become bad reasoning when you assume that one issue will have the same results as the other without any findings.

For example, plagiarized essay assignments will lead to the cancellation of a student’s exam. Eventually, all online assignment help will be canceled.

This is a wrong assumption. These types of inductive arguments are baseless since they lack supporting details.

  • Genetic fallacy: the argument is based on the past like the origin of something. These types of arguments relate existing situations or things with their history. Unfortunately, there is no proven evidence to support the claim.
  • Circular arguments: it occurs when you state the thesis and rephrase the same point in an attempt to explain the thesis.

A causal argument that ‘denoisers became extinct because they no longer live’ is circular. Being extinct is similar to being not found on the planet earth.

  • Ad hominem: it happens when you portray a negative picture about a person’s character instead of their argument. It is appropriate when you evaluate people’s opinions by relating them to their character traits.
  • Red herring: you conclude an argument but fail to address the opposition. Your claim lacks cogent because you evade the main discussion hence making your argument invalid and weak.

Bottomline

When you are given an argumentative assignment, consider the key structures of an element. Get your assumptions, premises, and conclusion. Build strong arguments through an introduction and evidence.

Provide sound evidence and cite some opposing opinions to make it acceptable. Sum up with a conclusion. An easier way of presenting a strong essay on different types of arguments. Order your assignment from experienced online assignment help websites. They will build strong types of arguments that are good and valid to earn you excellent grades.

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