Criminality Essay

Discuss biological theorists’ explanations for criminality. Are these explanations supported empirically? Is intelligence related to crime? Are these perspectives supported empirically? Be sure to integrate all the empirical support for the theories in your essay.
Paper is 4-5 pages in length. Perfect APA format in the body of text and citations. Introduction contains a clear thesis and grabs the reader’s attention. There is a logical and interesting flow. Conclusion reasonably follows from the information presented and includes a policy implication that is logical and supported with evidence. Essay prompt is integrated into answer.Student uses graceful language that skillfully communicates meaning to readers with clarity and fluency, and is virtually error-free.Organizes and synthesizes empirical evidence to reveal insightful patterns, differences, or similarities related to the criminological theory being examined. All assigned readings are cited.Student demonstrates a clear understanding of the criminological theory being examined. Submission shows an impressive level of depth in regard to the explanation of the theory and includes full description of theory and examples of theoretical concepts.

i. Akers & Sellers: Chapters 1 & 3

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ii. Cullen & Agnew: Chapters 1 & 2

iii. Dugdale, R. (1994). The jukes: A study in crime, pauperism, and heredity. (Note: Read
entire book).

iv. Goddard, H. H. (1912). The Kallikak family: A study of the heredity of feeble-mindedness. (Note: Read portions of book, not entire book, I.-IV.).

v. Gould, S. J. (1978, May 5). Morton’s ranking of races by cranial capacity. Science,4341,

vi. Hirschi, T., & Hindelang, M. J. (1977). Intelligence and delinquency: A
revisionist review. American Sociological Review, 42, 571-587.

vii. Lyman, D., Moffitt. T. E., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1993). Explaining the
relation between IQ and delinquency: Class, race, test motivation, school
failure or self-control. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 187-196.

viii. Ward, D. A., & Tittle, C. R. (1994). IQ and delinquency: A test of two
competing explanations. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 10(3), 189-212.

ix. Leve, L. D., & Chamberlain, P. (2004). Female juvenile offenders: Defining an
early-onset pathway for delinquency. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 13, 439-452.

x. Rocque, M., Welsh, B. C., & Raine, A. (2012). Biosocial criminology and modern crime
prevention. Journal of Criminal Justice, 40, 306-312.

xi. Vaughn, M. G. (2016). Policy implications of biosocial criminology. Criminology &
Public Policy, 15(3), 703-710.

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