Freedom Fighting With God Assignments | Online Homework Help
With peaceful and violent protests taking place across America’s cities this week, let’s rearrange the reading schedule on our course syllabus to take a closer look at the connections and disconnections between freedom fighting and the role of the one God of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. From Scriptures we learn that central figures like Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad all angered the authorities of their time by fighting for the rights of the oppressed. As Martin Luther King, Jr. writes from his prison cell, most ancient religious prophets should be considered “extremists” (pp. 12-13). King argues that just like Jesus’ disciple Paul, “I too am compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my particular home town” (p. 2).
In the 1950s and 1960s, American Civil Rights movements were oftentimes led by people guided by religion. For example, while on a Muslim pilgrimage, Malcolm X writes that belief in one god is consistent with a belief in equality. He writes, “I could see from this, that perhaps if white Americans could accept the Oneness of God, then perhaps, too, they could accept in reality the Oneness of Man – and cease to measure, and hinder, and harm others in terms of their ‘differences’ in color.”
And yet, as King writes, in the 20th century, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim leaders often stood as impediments to freedom, lending only “a weak, ineffectual voice” to the most critical human rights questions of the time (p. 16). Why was King so critical of the Church? Why did he think religious moderates were so reluctant to help the fight for equality? What hopes did he put in old-time religion to help shape more modern politics? What does it mean to be “co-workers with God” (p. 11 A) and how does it relate to “language of the unheard” in the excerpt from his 1967 “Other America” speech at Stanford?
Black Lives Matter is a new Civil Rights organization that is helping to organize some of the protests we see this week. (Keep in mind, there are many different groups in the streets, and many protestors are simply concerned individuals not connected to any organized activist group.) Founded by Alicia Garza, Patrice-Khan Cullors, and Opal Tometi (https://blacklivesmatter.com/our-co-founders/), the Black Lives Matter movement sometimes makes a deliberate break from the male dominated monotheistic religions that propelled the Civil Rights movements of the past century. Why? Go through our last readings of short arguments by religious scholars addressing Black Lives Matter. What concerns do some activists have about religious leadership and influence? Can/should old-time religions still influence social revolutions as they did so often throughout history? What role, if any, should religious people play in today’s protests for freedom and equality?
Links to use for info and reference (can also use what’s said in YouTube video link mention by time in video i.e. “At 1:21 john said….”. The Task, discussion and questions are below.
– Malcom X letter:
Mecca, Saudi Arabia – April 26th, 1964
– I have just completed my pilgrimage (Hajj) here to the Holy City of Mecca, the hollyiest City on earth, which is absolutely forbidden for non-Muslims to even rest their eyes upon. This pilgrimage is the most important event in the life of all Muslims, and there are over 226,000 who are here right now from outside of Arabia. From Turkey came the largest contagion, around 50,000 in over 600 buses. This refutes Westerner propaganda that Turkey is turning away from Islam.
– I know of only 2 others who have made the actual Hajj to Mecca from America, and both of them are West Indians who also converts to Islam. Mr. Elijah Muhammad, 2 of his sons, and a couple of his followers visited Mecca outside the Hajj season, and their visit is known as the “Omra”, or Lesser Pilgrimage. It is con-
– (Page 2) -sidered a blessing in the Muslim World even to make the “Omra”. I very much doubt that 10 American citizens have ever visited Mecca, and I do believe that I might be the first American born Negro to make the actual Hajj itself. I’m not saying this to boast but only to point out what a wonderful accomplishment and blessing it is, and also to enable you to be in a better position intellectually to evaluate it in its proper light, and then your own intelligence can place it in its proper place.
– This pilgrimage to the Holliest of Cities as been a unique experience for me, but one which as made me the recipient of numerous unexpected blessings beyond my wildest dreams.
– Shortly after my arrival in Jeddah, I was met by Prince Muhammed Faisal who informed me that his illustrious father, his Excellency Crowned Prince Faisal had decret that I be that I The ruler of Arabia be his Guest. What has happened since then would take several books to described, but through the ***** of his Excellency I have since stayed in ***** hotels in Jeddah, Mecca, Mina – with a private car, a driver, a religious guide, and many servants at my disposal.
– (Page 3)
Never have I been so highly honored and never had such honor and respect made me feel more humble and unworthy. Who would believe that such blessing could be heaped upon an American Negro!!! (But) in the Muslim World, when one accepts Islam and ceases to be white or Negro, Islam recognizes all men as Men because the people here in Arabia believe that God is One, they believe that all people are also One, and that all our brothers and sisters is One Human Family.
– I have never before witnessed such sincere hospitality and the practice of true brotherhood as I have seen it here in Arabia. In fact all I have seen and experienced on this pilgrimage as forced me to “re-arrange” much of thoughts pattern and to toss aside some
– (Page 4)
of my previous conclusions. This “adjustment to reality” wasn’t to difficult for me to undergo, because despite my firm conviction in whatever I believe, I have always tried to keep an open mind, which is absolutely necessary to reflect the flexibility that must go hand in hand with anyone with intelligent quest for truth never comes to an end.
– There are Muslims here of all colors and from every part of this earth. During the past days here in Mecca (Jeddah, Mina, and Mustaliph) while understanding the rituals of the Hajj, I have eaten. From the same plate, drank from the same glass and slept on the same bed or rug – with Kings, potentates and other forms of rulers – ******* with fellow Muslims whose skin was the whitest of white, whose eyes was the bluest of blue, and whose hair was the blondest of blond – I could look into their blue eyes and see that they regarded me as the same (Brothers), because their faith in One God (Allah) had actually removed “white” from their mind, which automatically changed their attitude and their behavior (towards) people of other colors. Their beliefs in the Oneness as made them so different from American whites that their colors played no part in my mind in my dealing with them. Their sincere
– (Page 5)
To One God and their acceptance of all people as equals makes them (so called “Whites”) also accepted as equals into the brotherhood of Islam along with the non-whites.
– If white Americans could accept the religion of Islam, if they could accept the Oneness of God (Allah) they too could then sincerely accept the Oneness of Men, and cease to measure others always in terms of their “difference in color”. And with racism now plaguing in America like an incurable cancer all thinking Americans should be more respective to Islam as an already proven solution to the race problem.
– The American Negro could never be blamed for his racial “animosities” because his are only reaction or defense mechanism which is subconscious intelligence has forced him to react
– (Page 6)
against the conscious racism practiced (initiated against Negroes in America) by American Whites. But as America’s insane obsession with racism leads her up the suicidal path, nearer to the precipice that leads to the bottomless pits below, I do believe that Whites of the younger generation, in the colleges and universities, through their own young, less hampered intellects will see the “Handwriting on the Wall” and turn for spiritual salvation to the religion of Islam, and force the older generation to turn with them—
– This is the only way white America can worn off the inevitable disaster that racism always leads to, and Hitler’s Nazi Germany was best proof of this.
– Now that have visited Mecca and gotten my own personal spiritual path adjusted to where I can better understand the depth of my religion (Islam), I shall be living in a couple days to continue my journey into our African Fatherland. Allah willing, by May 20th before my return to New York, I shall have visited Sudan, Kenya, Tanguanyika, Zanzibar, Nigeria, Ghana, and Algeria.
You may use this letter in anyway you desire,
– El-Hajj Malik El-Shabbazz
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