RESEARCH JOURNAL ARTICLE ABSTRACT GUIDELINES
Locate a research article, which is pertinent to your selected test administration topic of fitness, sport performance, or sport skill testing. The article must be an original research study from a peer-reviewed research journal, print or electronic; not from a book or general Internet site. To abstract the study, use these guidelines to summarize the findings. You must use your own words, focusing primarily on the testing that was conducted, relative to your topic. Your abstract must include a title page and a reference page, using APA style (6th edition). A link to a Sample APA Paper, through the Purdue Online Writing Lab, can be found on the Library Class Page for KINS 4300 or directly through External Web Links on Bb for this course. You will need to conduct a search of library databases to find an appropriate article. If you are unfamiliar with library database search or APA style, the librarians can help, or ask me! You can also check out a copy of the APA style manual (6th edition) at the library circulation desk.
Please label each section in accordance with APA style Level 1 headings, beginning with Purpose, as given below in boldface type and double-space your entire abstract and article citation. These section titles should be centered and in bold. Note that the Methods section has four parts. These are Level 2 headings. Using direct quotes requires the use of quotations and in-text citations to show page numbers. Likewise, paraphrased information should be credited appropriately using in-text citations. To ignore this is a form of plagiarism. My preference is that you keep direct quotes to a minimum, and instead paraphrase the information you’ve read. Address every section using complete sentences.
You must bring a copy of your article or send a link via email for approval by the due date given in the syllabus. Then, a full-print copy of the approved article must be turned in with the abstract when you complete the assignment. You must highlight the information that was utilized from the article, corresponding to the in-text citation of information, all through your abstract.
Abstracts will not be accepted early or late. The due date is listed in the syllabus. You must be in attendance and on time on the due date in order to turn in the assignment. This is a required assignment. Failure to complete this and the other two required assignments will result in you not being eligible to receive credit for the Test Administration Project (225 pts).
Adhere to APA guidelines for margin settings, spacing, running head, font style, and page numbering
Use 1” margins on all four sides: top, bottom, left, and right
Double-space every line of the assignment. Change the default setting from “10” points after to “0” so that you don’t end up with extra space every time you hit “return”.
Use Times New Roman 12 point font throughout paper, including the header and page numbers
Start numbering with title page and finish with the reference page
Title Page – Include an APA style title page with the following three lines
Title That Identifies your Topic (Title Case)
The name of your university, fully spelled out
These three lines of type should be centered horizontally, as well as centered vertically in the top half of the page. That means that the middle of the three lines should be 2 ¾ inches down from the top of the page. Do not use your article title as the title of your paper. Create your own title, reflecting the content of the study and the topic, which you chose. Unlike a standard APA style paper, the title page will not include author notes. Additionally, there will not be an abstract at the beginning of your paper because the entire assignment is a detailed abstract of the study.
The running head and page numbers should be at the 1” margins, from the top and sides.
If using the header/footer function, change the default setting within the header of ½” top margin to 1”, and then set your page setting top margin to 1.4”. This will double space your first line below the header, after title page 1.
If not using the header/footer function, then use 1” as your top margin setting.
The header is titled “Running head:”, followed by your PAPER TITLE, all in capital letters. This cannot exceed 50 characters, including spaces. It should be the same as your paper title, or be shortened, without changing the content significantly if your title is >50 characters. There should be no abbreviations (except acronyms used in the study, i.e. PACER) or punctuation marks in the header title. After the title page, continue the header title without the words, “Running head:”. Look for the formatting “different first page” to format the remaining pages with continuing page numbers.
In accordance with APA style you should begin the second page of the assignment with the title of your paper, centered. Then continue with double spacing and sections of your paper formatted as follows:
Briefly describe the purpose of the study in your own words. Begin this section with the words, “The purpose of this study was to…”.
In this section there are Level 2 headings, which should be flush with the left margin, bolded, and title case. Then indent with regular paragraph margins, (1 tab), after the heading.
Tell who the subjects or participants were (e.g. The subjects were 40 young adult females, age 20 ± 1.45 years, with weight training experience.)
What was measured? Discuss variables measured and explain testing procedures relative to your topic, using your own words. This is a key point of the assignment! If there were variables measured that weren’t salient to any interventions or treatments, nor your topic area, you can exclude them.
Discuss experimental manipulation. For instance, tell if subjects were given a particular supplement, or subjects performed exercise training three days per week for ten weeks, or trials were performed in randomized order. It may be that there were special conditions under which testing was conducted, familiarization provided, or assignment to particular groups, including controls. These should be discussed as part of the experimental manipulation.
Tell about all of the different statistical analyses that were performed on the data. Oftentimes, the authors won’t include means and standard deviations in their explanation or lists of the statistics that were computed. However, as you look through the tables and descriptions in Results, Discussion, and Conclusion sections of the article, if you see that these were reported, then you should also include them in the explanation of which statistics were conducted.
Report actual statistics such as means and standard deviations, percentages, medians, and modes. Identify any differences found through t-tests, ANOVA, or correlations, using numbers and explanations. Don’t just write that group one increased strength and group two increased endurance. Tell by how much; for example, group one increased strength by 27.00 ± 1.55 pounds or 15%, p ≤ 0.05.
What did the study show? Note: Conclusions are based on results. In addition to discussing the authors’ conclusions, write about what you conclude about the study.
Explain how this study relates to other things you have read about or discussed in this course or other college courses. Be specific about which courses and what was discussed.
Give at least one practical application of the information gleaned from this study. How can it be used in physical education, athletics, sports medicine, allied health, or health and wellness professions? Be realistic and specific! You only need to discuss application to one of these professional areas. Avoid broad-sweeping statements.
Using APA style, start on a new page to cite the article that you have abstracted. This will be the only entry on the page. Do not use boldface type for the word, “References”. Follow the instructions for how to cite references using APA style. Use in-text citation throughout the paper to show where you got information from the article. It must have (authors, year, pages), following APA style.
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