The Board of Directors in Thailand

Part A
Ozco is a Sydney-incorporated company that invests A$3m in 2018 to established a joint
venture company in Bangkok (owned in equal shares with a private Thai company),
ThaiJVco, to produce and distribute home medical testing kits primarily for Thai, Australian
and Japanese end-users.
A month after the WHO declares the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, the Thai
government orders ThaiJVco and some other producers to limit all kit supplies only to
domestic users, declaring that this is essential for public health management of the pandemic.
Ozco is unhappy as this reduces the joint venture’s profits considerably and some other
producers (with closer connections to the government, such as State-Owned Enterprises) do
not seem to be subjected to such restrictions.
As set infections spread, in June 2020 the government announces that it plans to nationalise
ThaiJVco to ramp up production of the kits and produce other medical supplies to address the
pandemic. It offers to pay Ozco A$3m in compensation, but the latter voices discontent
because by end-2019 an independent valuation of its investment was $5m. After fruitless
negotiations, in August 2020 the government publically alleges that that Ozco bribed some
officials to facilitate establishment of the JV, which Ozco completely denies.
Question A.1
Advise OzCo about its best options and related procedural law and practice issues to
resolve this dispute with the Thai government.
In September 2020, ThaiJVco’s exclusive distributor of the kits in Japan, Jco incorporated in
Osaka, notifies termination of the distributorship contract. As grounds for termination Jco
points to the Thai corruption allegations, as well as non-delivery of the medical kits, resulting
in Jco becoming close to bankruptcy. After ThaiJVco counter-argues force majeure for nondelivery, in October 2020 Jco adds as another ground for termination that some of its own
buyers (consumers of the kits) are reporting that they contain serious defects causing personal
injury and/or emotional distress. Jco also refuses to make payments for some kits delivered
before the April 2020 export ban from Thailand, and threatens to seek the freezing of some
ThaiJVco funds held in Japanese bank accounts.
The written distributorship contract states that “all related disputes must be resolved by
mediation administered in Kyoto, then if necessary subject to arbitration administered in
Osaka”.2
Question A.2
Advise ThaiJVco about its best options and related procedural law and practice issues
to resolve this dispute with Jco.
In November 2020, some Thai consumers read news about the Japanese consumer complaints
about defective kits sourced via Jco, and they start to complain to ThaiJVco about similar
defects in some of their kits. A few file product liability claims in the Bangkok Civil Court.
Thailand’s main NGO, the Foundation for Consumers, starts hearing about and publicising
these claims. Discussion emerges across print and social media about a possible class action,
and that news also reaches some smaller NGOs and other consumer groups in Japan.
Question A.3
Advise ThaiJVco about the risks and issues around dispute resolution processes for
such consumer complaints in both Thailand and Japan.
Part B
Common Facts for Questions B.1, B.2 and B.3
AusCoal is a company incorporated in Queensland and specializes in coal exploitation and
exportation. It supplies coal to customers across the Asia-Pacific region. SingTech is a
company incorporated in Singapore and is famous for its special software to enhance the
strength of steel which is mostly produced by burning coal.
Because of the huge demand in coal and steel in China, early in 1995, AusCoal and SingTech
established a joint venture, China Coal and Steel (CCS), incorporated in Shanghai China.
CCS regularly buys coal from AusCoal and has an exclusive license to use the special
software designed by SingTech. CCS made a huge investment to build warehouses close to
the Shanghai port because the Shanghai Municipal Government signed a long-term contract
with it, which authorized CCS to use the Shanghai port to import Australian coal freely from
1995 to 2025. In return, the contract also required CCS to hire Chinese employees and license
the software to Chinese steel manufacturers who would buy coal from CCS.
Since its establishment, CCS’s business in China has gone very well. However, in 2020,
according to the ABC News Report in Australia, due to the tension between Australia and
China, the Chinese central government suddenly issued informal instructions to prevent ships
carrying Australian coal from entering any Chinese ports, which included the Shanghai port.
When this apparent ban was issued there were several ships carrying the coal that CCS had
paid for that were on their way to Shanghai. All the ships were refused permission to be
anchored in the Shanghai port and any other Chinese ports for an indefinite period. It was
very hard for CCS to resell the coal quickly due to the bad global economy in the wake of the
COVID-19 pandemic. Consequently, CCS suffered a huge loss.
Question B.1
Advise CCS and its shareholders AusCoal and SingTech about their best options and
related procedural law and practice issues to resolve its dispute with the Chinese
government about using the Shanghai (or other Chinese) Port.3
Facts only for Question B.2
ChinaSteel is a state-owned enterprise in China and is CCS’s largest coal buyer. However,
because ships carrying Australian coal are not allowed to enter Chinese ports due to the
scenario outlined above, ChinaSteel decided to look for other suppliers. AusCoal
recommends its subsidiary in Indonesia, IndoCoal, to CCS. IndoCoal specializes in
producing and exporting high-quality Indonesian coal. ChinaSteel has basically agreed to
sign a sales contract with IndoCoal and AusCoal. This contract provides that ChinaSteel shall
buy Indonesian coal worth of RMB 250 million (AU$ 50 million) from IndoCoal. The coal
will be shipped from Indonesia to China. However, they have disagreement on the drafting of
the dispute resolution clause in their sales contract. IndoCoal and ChinaSteel are concerned
about burgeoning costs and delays in international arbitration, so agree to resolve all disputes
arising from the sales contract through a cross-border litigation process.
Question B.2
Advise IndoCoal and AusCoal about the risks and issues to resolve their disputes in (1)
regular courts in China, Australia or Indonesia, or (2) international commercial courts
in either China or Singapore. You should also discuss the procedural issues to recognize
and enforce foreign judgments in Australia, China, and Indonesia, respectively.
Facts only for Question B.3
Australia and China have resumed a very friendly relationship. Ships carrying Australian
Coal are now allowed to enter Chinese ports. ChinaSteel continues to purchase coal from
CCS. SingTech licensed ChinaSteel to use the software to enhance the strength of steel.
However, the US government discovers that ChinaSteel is a company with a military
background, so it required all US companies including their overseas subsidiaries not to do
business with ChinaSteel. Because SingTech is a wholly owned subsidiary of a US company,
it has to comply with the US government’s order. Consequently, it stops licensing the
software to ChinaSteel. ChinaSteel argued that, according to the Chinese Rules on
Counteracting Unjustified Extra-territorial Application of Foreign Legislation and Other
Measures, SingTech must continue to license the software to it.
Suppose that the software licensing agreement concluded by SingTech and ChinaSteel
contains the following clauses:
Clause 9: “Governing Law: This contract is subject to English law.”
Clause 10: “Dispute Resolution: Parties agree to submit disputes arising from this
contract to arbitration administered by the Singapore International Arbitration Centre
in Shanghai China.”
Question B.3
Advise SingTech about its best options and related procedural law issues to resolve its
dispute with ChinaSteel regarding the licensing of the software.

For more information on The Board of Directors in Thailand read this:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand_Board_of_Investment

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
The Board of Directors in Thailand
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

The Board of Directors in Thailand

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

At Acme Writers, we always aim at 100% customer satisfaction. As such, we never compromise o the quality of our homework services. Our homework helpers ensure that they craft each paper carefully to match the requirements of the instruction form.

Professional Academic Writers

With Acme Writers, every student is guaranteed high-quality, professionally written papers. We ensure that we hire individuals with high academic qualifications who can maintain our quality policy. These writers undergo further training to sharpen their writing skills, making them more competent in writing academic papers.

Affordable Prices

Our company maintains a fair pricing system for all academic writing services to ensure affordability. Our pricing system generates quotations based on the properties of individual papers.

On-Time delivery

Acme Writers guarantees all students of swift delivery of papers. We understand that time is an essential factor in the academic world. Therefore, we ensure that we deliver the paper on or before the agreed date to give students ample time for reviewing.

100% Originality

Acme Writers maintains a zero-plagiarism policy in all papers. As such, Acme Writers professional academic writers ensure that they use the students’ instructions to deliver plagiarism-free papers. We are very keen on avoiding any chance of similarities with previous papers.

Customer Support 24/7

Our customer support works around the clock to provide students with assistance or guidance at any time of the day. Students can always communicate with us through our live chat system or our email and receive instant responses. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email: support@Acme Writers.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Samples

Our writers complete papers strictly according to your instructions and needs, no matter what university, college, or high school you study in.

Categories
All samples
Analysis (any type)
Argumentative essays
Dissertation/Dissertation chapter
Analysis (any type)
Advantages and disadvantages of lowering the voting age to thirteen
Undergrad. (yrs 1-2)
Political science
4
View this sample
Argumentative essays
Is euthanasia ethical or not?
Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
Nursing
3
View this sample
Dissertation/Dissertation chapter
Videoconferencing as a teaching tool
Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
Education
10
View this sample

Our Homework Writing Services

Acme Writers holds a reputation for being a platform that provides high-quality homework writing services. All you need to do is provide us with all the necessary requirements of the paper and wait for quality results.

Essays

Essay Writing Services

At Acme Writers, we have highly qualified academic gurus who will offer great assistance towards completing your essays. Our homework writing service providers are well-versed with all the aspects of developing high-quality and relevant essays.

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

With Acme Writers, we will help you secure a position at your desired institution. Our essay writing services include the crafting of admissions papers. We will still help you climb your career ladder by helping you write the official papers that will help you secure a job. We will guide you on how to write an outstanding portfolio or resume.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Acme Writers has a professional editorial team that will help you organize your paper, paraphrase it, and eliminate any possible mistakes. Also, we will help you check on plagiarism to ensure that your final paper posses quality and originality.

Coursework

Technical papers

Acme Writers harbors professional academic writers from diverse academic disciplines. As such, we can develop homework writing services in all academic areas. The simplicity or complexity of the paper does not affect the quality of homework writing services.